kirkuk university journal scientific studies

ISSN: 19920849 
Publisher: Kirkuk University 
Faculty: Science 
Language: Arabic and English 

This journal is Open Access 

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Evaluation of acetylcholine esterase activity in the blood of workers exposed to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides by an electrometric method  
 
Aydin S. Ahmed Medical Laboratory Sciences Department -College of Technology- Kirkuk

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Received date: 1/7/2013                               Accepted date: 6/10/2013

    Abstract 

Introduction:Organophosphate and carbamate insecticides pose major environmental pollution problems and health hazards to people and animals. These insecticides inhibit cholinesterase (ChE) activity in the nervous tissues and neuromuscular junctions. The measurement of blood ChE is a useful tool for monitoring exposure to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides. The purpose of the present study was to use a modified electrometric technique for measuring blood ChE in workers exposed to the organophosphate and carbamate insecticides in Kirkuk, Iraq. Method: A modified electrometric method was used to measure ChE activity in the whole blood of male workers (n = 40) exposed to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides, for a duration of not less than six years.  Healthy male volunteers  (n =12) not exposed to insecticides served as controls. Following in vitro inhibition of pseudo cholinesterase by quinidine sulfate, true cholinesterase activity was estimated in the blood of the subjects. After in vitro addition of the organophosphate (chlorpyrifos and methidathion, 0.5 and 1 µM) and carbamate (carbaryl, 5 and 10 µM) insecticides to the reaction mixtures, inhibitions of blood ChE were also determined. Results: Mean values of ChE activities (pH/20 min) in the whole blood of healthy non-exposed subjects and insecticide-exposed workers were 1.41and 1.2,  respectively. Whole blood ChE activities of the exposed workers was significantly lower than those of healthy individuals. Conclusions: These findings indicate the usefulness of  the modified electrometric method for monitoring blood ChE activity in insecticide-exposed workers and there was a significant effect of these Organophosphate and carbamate insecticides on the activity of Ach esterase in workers blood. .  

Keywords: Cholinesterase, organophosphate, workers, electrometric method.  

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