kirkuk university journal scientific studies

ISSN: 19920849 
Publisher: Kirkuk University 
Faculty: Science 
Language: Arabic and English 

This journal is Open Access 

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Prevalence of Anemia among Pregnant Women Attending Primary Health Care Center in Kirkuk City   
Iqbal Sameen Ali                          Najlaa Kadhim

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Received date: 03/5/2012                              Accepted date: 6/10/2013  

Introduction: Anemia in pregnancy is considered one of the major risk factors contributing to maternal deaths in developing countries. The present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of anemia among pregnant woman according the hematological and biochemical parameters in Kirkuk health care centers.                                                      Patients and methods: This study involved a total of 132 woman attending primary health care centers in Kirkuk city for the period from 1st July 2010 to 30th March 2011 in Iskan and Rahem-Awa region. They were consisted of three groups, Group one (G1) consisted of 87 pregnant women, second Group (G2) consist of 30 non pregnant women and third Group (G3) consisted of 15 were not married. They were investigated for hematological tests, Hb, PCV, RBC, WBC, MCV, MCH, MCHC, and  biochemical test copper, magnesium, zinc, albumin. Anemia is classified as mild anemia from 10-10.9g/dl, moderate anemia from 8-8.9g/dl, and severe anemia < 8g/dl.     Result: The result showed that there was  significant difference  in level of Hb, PCV, RBC, MCH, between the pregnant woman and control groups; regarding the difference in trimesters the most influenced parameters were Hb, PCV, RBC, and MCV. The educational state had significant influence on the level of PCV, MCV, and MCH. The pregnancy trimesters had significant effect on albumin level, copper and zinc, while there was significant difference in level of zinc according to education.  Conclusion: It was concluded that there was no anemia in this study among pregnant woman  although the Hb, PCV, RBC values among pregnant were lower than non pregnant but 37.9% of pregnant women had mild anemia.                                                         
.t woman,  Anemia, hematology  parameter, zinc, copper, magnesium  testpregnan  :Key Words 


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